Diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grain bread, nuts, olive oil and canola oil do not just sustain good health but also increase your life expectancy too, says a new study published in the Journal of Internal Medicine. The findings suggest that those who closely follow an anti-inflammatory diet have an 18 per cent lower risk of all-cause mortality. An anti-inflammatory diet consists of foods that reduce hyper inflammatory responses in the body. This diet involves replacing foods like unprocessed and processed red meat, organ meats, chips, and soft-drink beverages with whole, nutrient-rich foods. Anti-inflammatory foods consist of fruits and vegetables, tea, coffee, whole grain bread, breakfast cereal, low-fat cheese, olive oil and canola oil, nuts, chocolate, and moderate amounts of red wine and beer
The researchers also found that those who follow the diet experience a 20 per cent lower risk of cardiovascular mortality, and a 13 per cent lower risk of cancer mortality, when compared with those who followed the diet to a lesser degree.
For the study, the research team involved 68,273 Swedish men and women aged between 45 and 83 years. The participants were followed for 16 years.
“Our dose-response analysis showed that even partial adherence to the anti-inflammatory diet may provide a health benefit,” said lead author Joanna Kaluza, Associate Professor at the Warsaw University of Life Sciences in Poland.
The anti-inflammatory potential of the diet was estimated using the validated anti-inflammatory diet index (AIDI), which includes 11 potential anti-inflammatory and five potential pro-inflammatory foods.