While lung, colorectal, pharynx, stomach, head and neck, and liver were the five most common sites of cancer diagnosed among men in 2012; for the same period, the five common sites of cancer diagnosed among women were breast, ovary, lip and oral cavity, lung and cervix.
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Tobacco use is linked to around 20 per cent of global cancer deaths and 70 per cent of global lung cancer.Lung cancer is one of the commonest cancers, accounting for 13 per cent of all new cancer cases and 19 per cent of cancer related deaths worldwide. The increasing prevalence of smoking has resulted in lung cancerreaching epidemic proportions in India, where an estimated 2,500 deaths every day can be linked to tobacco related diseases. In 2010, smoking accounted for an estimated 9,30,000 deaths; 1 in 5 deaths among men and 1 in 20 among women.
The National Cancer Registry puts breast cancer as the most common and cervical cancer as the second most common cancer in women in India. Although the Indian Council of Medical Research reports suggest that cancer of the cervix has become the third most common cancer after breast and lung cancer. It is estimated that for every two women newly diagnosed with breast cancer one dies, while every 8 minutes one woman dies of cervical cancer.
Breast cancer accounts for 27 per cent of all cancers in women in India, with the incidence rising in the early thirties and peaking at ages 50-64 years. It is estimated that 1 in 28 women is likely to develop breast cancer during her lifetime. Cervical cancer accounts for 22.9 per cent of all cancer cases in women. Being the third largest cause of cancer deaths in India, it accounts for nearly 20 per cent of all cancer related deaths. It generally affects the 21 to 67 age group, with the median age of occurrence being 38 years. As compared to the urban women, rural women are at higher risk of developing cervical cancer.Since survival rates improve if the condition is diagnosed and treated early, screening for cervical cancer is important